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Intermarriage had become a common practice among the three ethnic groups. Congress established a civil government on the island. government instituted measures to resolve the various economic and social problems of the island, which even then was suffering from overpopulation.
As a result of the Spanish-American War of 1898, Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris on December 19, 1898. Seventeen years later, in response to the pressure of Puerto Rican activists, President Woodrow Wilson signed the Jones Act, which granted American citizenship to all Puerto Ricans. Those measures included the introduction of American currency, health programs, hydroelectric power and irrigation programs, and economic policies designed to attract U. industry and provide more employment opportunities for native Puerto Ricans. Naval bases were built in San Juan Harbor and on the nearby island of Culebra.
The record high and low temperatures recorded in San Juan, Puerto Rico's northeastern capital city, are 94 degrees and 64 degrees, respectively. This represents a three-fold increase since 1899—and 810,000 of those new births occurred between the years of 19 alone. Approximately 70 percent of the population is white and about 30 percent is of African or mixed descent.
As in many Latin American cultures, Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion, but Protestant faiths of various denominations have some Puerto Rican adherents as well. presidential election, however, the Puerto Rican delegate was granted the right to vote on the House floor.
The Spanish were successful, however, in resisting these rebellions.Among other pro-Puerto Rican activities, María de Hostos founded the League of Patriots to help set up the Puerto Rican civil government in 1900. C., and served as Puerto Rico's ambassador to the States.Although Puerto Ricans began migrating to the United States almost immediately after the island became a U. protectorate, the scope of early migration was limited because of the severe poverty of average Puerto Ricans. Still, by 1920, less than 5,000 Puerto Ricans were living in New York City. By World War II that number soared to over 100,000 soldiers.As conditions on the island improved and the relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States grew closer, the number of Puerto Ricans who moved to the U. During World War I, as many as 1,000 Puerto Ricans—all newly naturalized American citizens—served in the U. The hundred-fold increase reflected the deepening cooperation between Puerto Rico and the mainland States.World War II set the stage for the first major migration wave of Puerto Ricans to the mainland.